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New Caledonia (French: Nouvelle-Calédonie; popular names: Kanaky, Le caillou) is a "sui generis collectivity" (in practice an overseas territory) of France made up of a main island (Grande Terre) and several smaller islands. It is located in the region of Melanesia in the southwest Pacific. It has a land area of 18,575.5 square kilometres (7,172 sq mi). The population at the 2004 census was 230,789 inhabitants. It has an Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) of .nc. The capital and largest city of the territory is Nouméa. The currency is the CFP franc. Since 1986 the United Nations Committee on Decolonization has included New Caledonia on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories, a highly political list that is disputed by France, Morocco, the United States, and the United Kingdom, which all have territories on the list. The list is partial and controversial because it does not cover all peoples and territorial entities in the world which are neither sovereign countries nor part of any sovereign country. New Caledonia will decide whether to remain within the French Republic or become an independent state in a referendum sometime after 2014. Its capital Nouméa is the seat of the regional organization the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (formerly the South Pacific Commission).

Capital Nouméa °′ °′ Largest city Nouméa Official language(s) French Government President High Commissioner President of the Government overseas territory of France Jacques Chirac Michel Mathieu Marie-Noëlle Thémereau overseas territory of France since 1853 Area - Total - Water (%) 19,058 km² (~151st) 7,359 mi² Land: 18,575.5 km² Population - January 2005 est. - September 2004 census - Density 232,258 (181st) 230,789 12.5/km² (~172nd) 32.4/mi² GDP (PPP) - Total - Per capita 2003 estimate $3.158 billion (170th) $15,000 (2003 est.) (65th) HDI (2003) n/a (n/a) – unranked Currency CFP franc (XPF) Time zone - Summer (DST) (UTC+11) (UTC) Internet TLD .nc Calling code +687

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