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Libya /ˈlɪbɪə/, officially the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (Arabic: ليبيا /liːˈbiːæ/ or الجماهيرية العربية الليبية الشعبية الإشتراكية ﺍﻟﻌﻆﻤﻰ /ælʤæmæːhiːˈriː ælʕɑrɑˈbiː ælːiːˈbiː æʃːɑʕˈbiː ælʔiʃtirɑːˈkiː ælˈʕuðˁmæ/) is a country in North Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, located between Egypt on the east, Sudan on the southeast, Chad and Niger on the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west. Its capital city is Tripoli. The three traditional sections of the country are Tripolitania, the Fezzan and Cyrenaica. The name "Libya" derives from the ancient Egyptian term "Lebu", referring to Berber peoples living west of the Nile, and adopted into Greek as "Libya". In ancient Greece, the term had a broader meaning, encompassing all of North Africa west of Egypt, and sometimes referring to the entire continent of Africa.

Motto: Freedom, socialism, unity Anthem: Allahu Akbar Location of Libya Capital Tripoli 32°54′ N 13°11′ E Largest city Tripoli Official language(s) Arabic Government • Head of State • Prime Minister People's Congress Muammar al-Qaddafi (de facto) Zentani Muhammad az-Zentani (nominal) Baghdadi Mahmudi Independence • Date From Italy December 24, 1951 Area - Total - Water (%) 1,759,540 km² (16th) 679,182 mi² Negl. Population - July 2005 est. - 2004 census - Density 5,765,563[1] (103rd) 5,882,667 [2] 3/km² (186th) 8.5/mi² GDP (PPP) - Total - Per capita 2005 estimate $48.19 billion (80th) $8,400 (94th) HDI (2003) 0.799 (58th) – medium Currency Dinar (LYD) Time zone - Summer (DST) EET (UTC+2) not observed (UTC+2) Internet TLD .ly Calling code +218 ↑ Includes 166,510 non-nationals

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