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Albania, officially known as the Republic of Albania, Republika e Shqipërisë in Albanian, is a state located in the Balkan Peninsula in south-eastern Europe. It is bordered to the north-west by Montenegro to the north-east by Kosovo, Macedonia to the east and Greece in the south. Its coastline borders the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Seas. The country's official language is Albanian. The coastline of Albania: Its coastline, facing the the Adriatic and the Ionian Sea, measures 363 km. The western plains bordering the Adriatic Sea, in particular on the Otranto Channel, which separates Albania from Puglia, in the Far East this channel consists of Punta del Salento Palascìa is about 72 km from the Albanian coast. Currently there are three main motorways in Albania: the dual carriageway connecting Durrës with Vlorë, the Albania–Kosovo Highway, and the Tirana–Elbasan Highway.

According to the 2011 Census results, the total population of Albania is 2,821,977 with a low Fertility rate of 1.49 children born per woman. Between 1991 and 2004, roughly 900,000 people have migrated out of Albania, about 600,000 of them settling in Greece. Albania recognizes three national minorities, Greeks, Macedonians and Montenegrins, and two cultural minorities, Aromanians and Romani people.

Albanian is the official language of Albania. Its standard spoken and written form is revised and merged from the two main dialects, Gheg and Tosk. According to 2011 census, 58.79% of Albania adheres to Islam, making it the largest Religion in the country. The majority of Albanian Muslims are Secular Sunni with a significant Bektashi Shia minority. Football is the most popular sport in Albania, both at a participatory and spectator level.

Albania Climate: The coastal lowlands have typically Mediterranean climate, mountainous regions have a continental climate.