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The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a small landlocked country situated in the north-west of continental Europe, bordered by France, Germany and Belgium. It is also the only independent Grand Duchy in the world. Motto: Luxembourgish: Mir wëlle bleiwe wat mir sinn (English: "We wish to remain what we are") Anthem: Ons Heemecht ("Our Homeland"). Location of Luxembourg Capital: 49°36′ N 6°7′ E Largest city Luxembourg Official language(s) French, German, Luxembourgish (de jure since 1984) Government Grand Duke Prime minister Grand duchy Grand Duke Henri (List) Jean-Claude Juncker (List) Independence • Declared • Confirmed 1815 1839 & 1867 Area - Total - Water (%) 2,586 km² (167th) 998 mi² Negligible Population - 2005 est. - 2005 census - Density 468,571 (162th) 468,571 171/km² (45th) 469/mi² GDP (PPP) - Total - Per capita 2005 estimate $29.37 billion (95th) $62,700 (1st) HDI (2003) 0.957 (4th) – high Currency Euro 1 (€ EUR) Time zone - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Internet TLD .lu Calling code +352 1 Prior to 1999: Luxembourg franc.

GEOGRAPHY

Luxembourg is one of the smallest countries in Europe. It is ranked 167th in size of all the countries of the world. The country is about 2,586 square kilometres (998 sq. mi) in size. In the west it borders the Belgian province of Luxembourg, which is (at 4,443 km²; 1,715 sq. mi) nearly twice the size of the country. The north of the country, part of the Ardennes, has hills and low mountains, with the Buurgplaatz as the highest point at 559 metres (1,834 ft). The rest of the country is also hilly. Luxembourg's eastern border is formed by three rivers, the Moselle, the Sauer/Sûre and the Our.

CULTURE

The culture of Luxembourg refers to the cultural life and traditions of the small European nation of Luxembourg. Most citizens are trilingual; speaking the Germanic Frankish dialect of Letzebuergesch, and also German and French. As such, the country has been overshadowed by the culture of its neighbours.

Folk culture

Long a deeply rural and folkloric nation, Luxembourg retains folk traditions. Notable is the Echternach Dancing Procession which happens annually.

Museums

The major museums are: * National Museum of History and Art (MNHA) * History Museum of the City of Luxembourg * Museum of Modern Art Grand-Duc Jean (MUDAM)

Painters

Joseph Kutter and Jean Jacoby were notable around the turn of the century. Notable painters after World War 2 were Emile Kirscht, Fony Thissen, Joseph Kutter, and Gust Graas.

Photographers

The influential photographer and painter Edward Steichen was of Luxembourg descent. Contemporary photographers include the photojournalist Thierry Frisch.

Poets

The most famous poets were Michael Rodange and Anise Koltz. Contemporary poets include Jean Portante.

Architecture

Luxembourg has little of distinctive architectural merit, but the military town of Denzelt in Echternach is on the Unesco World Heritage List.

Musicians

Brian Molko, singer/guitarist of rock back Placebo lived in Luxembourg for most of his life, where he learned to play various instruments such as guitar, piano and saxophone.


Best Western Euro Hotel


Hotel Saint Nicolas

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