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GEOGRAPHIE - Norway


GEOGRAPHIE - Norway

The landscape is generally rugged and mountainous, topped by glaciers, and its coastline of over 83,000 kilometres (51,575 mi) [3] is punctuated by steep-sloped inlets known as fjords, as well as a multitude of islands and islets. The Northern part of the country is also known as the Land of the Midnight Sun because of its northern location, north of the Arctic Circle, where for part of each summer the sun does not set, and in winter much of its land remains dark for long periods. The southern part is not known for this, however in summertime, the sun is only away for a few hours. Norway is bounded for its entire length by seas of the North Atlantic Ocean: the North Sea to the southwest and its large inlet the Skagerrak to the south, the Norwegian Sea to the west, and the Barents Sea to the northeast. To the east, in order from south to north, it shares a long border with Sweden, a shorter one with Finland, and a still shorter one with Russia. Norway's highest point is the Galdhøpiggen at 2,469 metres (8,100 ft). With a maximum depth of 514 metres (1,686 ft), Hornindalsvatnet is Norway's and Europe's deepest lake. The Norwegian climate is fairly temperate, especially along the coast under the influence of the Gulf Stream. The inland climate can be more severe and to the north more subarctic conditions are found, especially in Finnmark. Climate data for some cities in different regions of the country; base period 1961-1990 (temperatures are 24hr average): Location Elevation Temp/Jan Temp/July Temp/year Precip/year (m) (ft) (°C) (°F) (°C)) (°F) (°C)) (°F) (mm) (in) Blindern (Oslo) 94 m 308 ft −4.3°C 24.2°F 16.4°C 61.5°F 5.7°C 42.2°F 763 mm 30.0 in Florida (Bergen) 12 m 39.4 ft 1.3°C 34.4°F 14.3°C 57.7°F 7.6°C 45.7°F 2,250 mm 88.6 in Værnes (Trondheim) 12 m 39.4 ft -3.4°C 25.9°F 13.7°C 56.7°F 5.0°C 41.0°F 892 mm 35.1 in Langnes (Tromsø) 8 m 26.2 ft -3.8°C 25.2°F 11.8°C 53.2°F 2.9°C 37.0°F 1,000 mm 39.4 in Data from Norges Meteorologiske Institutt (Norwegian Meteorological Institute). Note: Temperatures have tended to be higher in recent years