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Germany - Info
Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany is a federal parliamentary republic in west-central Europe. The country consists of 16 states (Länder), and its capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany is in Western and Central Europe, with Denmark bordering to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France and Luxembourg to the southwest, and Belgium and the Netherlands to the northwest.
Climate Most of Germany has a temperate seasonal climate in which humid westerly winds predominate. The climate is moderated by the North Atlantic Drift, the northern extension of the Gulf Stream. This warmer water affects the areas bordering the North Sea; consequently in the northwest and the north the climate is oceanic. Rainfall occurs year-round, especially in the summer. Winters are mild and summers tend to be cool, though temperatures can exceed 30°C (86°F). The east has a more continental climate; winters can be very cold and summers very warm, and long dry periods are frequent. Central and southern Germany are transition regions which vary from moderately oceanic to continental. In addition to the maritime and continental climates that predominate over most of the country, the Alpine regions in the extreme south and, to a lesser degree, some areas of the Central German Uplands have a mountain climate, characterised by lower temperatures and greater precipitation.
The Capital The most interesting city to visit is Berlin, the young multi-ethnic and cosmopolitan capital, full of museums of ancient and modern art, so as to establish the Museum Island, which includes the state museums of the city that has been declared a a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Berlin's history has left the city with a highly eclectic array of architecture and buildings. The Brandenburg Gate is an iconic landmark of Berlin and Germany. The Reichstag building is the traditional seat of the German Parliament, renovated in the 1950s after severe World War II damage. The Gendarmenmarkt, a neoclassical square in Berlin whose name dates back to the quarters of the famous Gens d'armes regiment located here in the 18th century, is bordered by two similarly designed cathedrals, the Französischer Dom with its observation platform and the Deutscher Dom. The Konzerthaus (Concert Hall), home of the Berlin Symphony Orchestra, stands between the two cathedrals. The Museum Island in the River Spree houses five museums built from 1830 to 1930 and is a UNESCO World Heritage site. Also located on the island and adjacent to the Lustgarten and palace is Berlin Cathedral, similar to St. Peter's Basilica in Rome.
Other major cities Hamburg is the second largest city in Germany, the port of the city is the second largest port in Europe (after the port of Rotterdam), it offers natural and cultural beauties such as St. Nicholas's church, St. Michael's Church, St. Peter's Church and St. Catherine's Church. Hamburg possesses several big museums and galleries showing classical and contemporary art, as for example the Kunsthalle Hamburg with its contemporary art gallery (Galerie der Gegenwart), the Museum for Art and Industry (Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe) and the Deichtorhallen/House of Photography. Other attractions include the Jungfernstieg a renowned street for shopping full of shops and shopping centers, the Deutsches Schauspielhaus is a famous theater in the city of Hamburg made in neo-baroque style, the Ohlsdorf cemetery which is the largest in Europe, where they are buried important people of the city and river channel Nikolaifleet a very characteristic that still retains the typical style buildings in Hamburg. If you move further south there is the city of Monaco of Bavaria, well known for the famous Oktoberfest, which is organized from mid-September until the first week of October. At the centre of the city is the Marienplatz, a Marian column in its centre with the Old and the New Town Hall. Three gates of the demolished medieval fortification have survived to this day the Isartor in the east, the Sendlinger Tor in the south and the Karlstor in the west of the inner city. The Karlstor leads up to the Stachus, a grand square dominated by the Justizpalast. The Peterskirche close to Marienplatz is the oldest church of the inner city, it was first built during the Romanesque period. The four real avenues are perfect to go walking and enjoying the beautiful scenery. Very famous attraction associated with the city of Monaco is the museum of science and technology, the Deutsches Museum, which houses collections of various technical areas of industry and technology.
Frankfurt is the financial center of Germany, it is home to the Central Bank of Germany, the Stock Market and the European Central Bank, the city was destroyed during the bombings of World War II, so the original Old Town no longer exists and the city has assumed the characteristics of a modern metropolis with skyscrapers and buildings covered with glass, but some historic buildings of a particularly importance have been rebuilt. Some of them are the Römer (city hall), the Paulskirche a former church converted into a parliament in the last years of the 17th century, the house of the famous writer Goethe, the Kaiserdom where they were crowned the emperors of the Holy Roman Empire and the Alte Nikolaikirche, the old church of St. Nicholas which overlooks the old Town Square.
But Germany is not only made of large modern cities, but also the beautiful landscapes of mountains (Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg and Saxony), hills (Hesse and Rhineland-Palatinate), lowlands (Saxony-Anhalt, Lower Saxony and Bremen), fluvial (North Rhine-Westphalia and Saarland), coastal (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and Schleswig-Holstein) and covered with green forests (Thuringia and Brandenburg).
Hotel Laimer Hof Am Schloss Nymphenburg